Perhaps no holiday has undergone more revisions than Columbus Day. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill historian Malinda Maynor Lowery tells the story of the holiday’s evolution – first, as a nod to Manifest Destiny; later, as a way to recognize the country’s growing population of Italian American immigrants; and finally, its diminished status, with more and more municipalities celebrating Indigenous Peoples Day as an alternative to or replacement of the original holiday.

In a way, the changes to the holiday reflect Americans’ evolving understanding of their country and its history, Lowery argues.

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Marchers celebrate the first Indigenous Peoples Day in Berkeley, Calif. on Oct. 10, 1992. AP Photo/Paul Sakuma

Why more places are abandoning Columbus Day in favor of Indigenous Peoples Day

Malinda Maynor Lowery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

The official celebration of Native Americans represents the fruits of a decades-long effort.

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Indigenous Peoples Day

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