Editor's note

Rwanda has grown enormously since the 1994 genocide that left close to one million of its citizens dead. A quarter of a century on, the country is globally recognised for its impressive economic growth and is touted by many as an African success story. But, argue Noel Twagiramungu and Joseph Sebarenzi, that success has been driven by an autocratic ruler who has curtailed freedoms and sidelined rural populations.

Now that Felix Tshisekedi is in the driver’s seat as president of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), he’s got his work cut out for him. One of the critical issues he must deal with, writes Thomas Mandrup, is getting the country’s police and army up to speed. As it is, they’re weak and disorganised, and rely too much on international assistance.

Julie Masiga

Peace + Security Editor

Top Story

Security is tight in Rwanda’s authoritarian state. Charles Shoemaker/EPA

Rwanda’s economic growth could be derailed by its autocratic regime

Noel Twagiramungu, University of Massachusetts Lowell; Joseph Sebarenzi, Ph.D., SIT Graduate Institute

Rwanda has overcome its past to become a development miracle but if it's not careful, history could repeat itself.

Politics + Society

Why the DRC’s army and police aren’t yet ready to protect citizens

Thomas Mandrup, Stellenbosch University

There is an urgent need to improve the training of both the army and police in the DRC.

South Africa doesn’t have enough women in foreign policy. Why it matters

Jo-Ansie van Wyk, University of South Africa

South Africa has a long history of women at the helm of its foreign affairs ministry but this hasn't translated into a gender balanced foreign policy environment

Arts + Culture

Graffiti is an eye-catching way to create lively spaces in cities

Alexandra Parker, Gauteng City-Region Observatory

Graffiti contributes to place-making by creating meaningful or identifiable spaces.

Why ‘Marxism and Freedom’ resonates six decades on

Nigel Gibson, Emerson College

The book, Marxism and Freedom was written in 1958. Yet, it remains relevant today.

From our international editions

India elections: who are Narendra Modi’s main rivals – and can they beat him?

Ian Hall, Griffith University

India’s general election, held over six weeks in April and May, pits the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party’s Narendra Modi against a varied band of opponents, including Rahul Gandhi.

We asked five experts: should we nap during the day?

Alexandra Hansen, The Conversation

We asked five experts if a daytime kip is OK. Four out of five said yes.

Is Theresa May the worst prime minister of modern times? Here are her rivals for the title

Richard Toye, University of Exeter

No one is saying she has done a stellar job, but other prime ministers have made mistakes like May.

Humans are not off the hook for extinctions of large herbivores – then or now

René Bobe, University of Oxford; Susana Carvalho, University of Oxford

Long-standing assumption that humans killed large mammals 4.5m years ago has been debunked by researchers -- but some experts still think humans played a part in the demise of biodiversity


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