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Bureau of Justice Assistance, U.S. Department of Justice; Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative; Five in 5—Criminal Intelligence Coordinating Council

The Criminal Intelligence Coordinating Council’s (CICC) Five in 5 is a snapshot of law enforcement and criminal intelligence-related articles, resources, and research that may be of interest to CICC members and partners working to improve the nation’s ability to develop and share criminal intelligence. 

The CICC’s mission—to advocate for and support state, local, and tribal law enforcement and homeland security agencies and personnel in their efforts to develop and share criminal intelligence for the promotion of public safety and the security of our nation—is important, contemporary, and essential.  Five in 5 is provided for your information and awareness as an effort to assist the criminal intelligence community in understanding trends, training, and activities that may impact law enforcement and criminal intelligence.  You are encouraged to share this e-mail with your association members, colleagues, department/organization personnel, and others, as appropriate. Please contact to submit an article for consideration in the CICC’s Five in 5.

1. License Plate Readers

License Plate Reader Policy Development Template for Use in Intelligence and Investigative Activities

License Plate Reader Policy Development Template for Use in Intelligence and Investigative Activities is designed specifically for law enforcement entities and fusion centers to assist their efforts in developing and implementing comprehensive privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties policies regarding the use of automated license plate readers (ALPRs or LPRs) in intelligence and investigative activities.  Developed by state, local, and federal law enforcement practitioners with LPR expertise and privacy subject-matter experts, the provisions of the LPR Policy Template are intended to be incorporated into agency operational policies and day-to-day operations. Each section represents a fundamental component of a comprehensive policy that includes baseline provisions on LPR information collection; information quality; access and disclosure; redress; security, retention, and destruction; accountability and enforcement; and training. Sample language is provided for each recommended provision, as well as appendices that contain a glossary of terms and definitions, citations to federal and case law, and a draft model policy. 

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2. Privacy

House Passes Bill Requiring Warrants for E-Mail Searches

On February 6, 2017, the House passed a bill aimed at modernizing the United States’ aging law covering law enforcement access to e-mails and other stored files.  The current law, known as the Electronic Communications Privacy Act, allows law enforcement to access any stored files without a warrant if such material is left on a third-party server for more than 180 days.  But that law was passed in 1986—three years before the invention of the Internet—when computer owners did not have the same systems as modern users, such as cloud hosting, Webmail, and online photo galleries.  The Email Privacy Act alters the previous rule to universally require warrants for such information. The same bill cleared the House in 2016 on an overwhelming 419-0 vote, but it stalled in the Senate.  Read More

3. Juvenile Justice

OJJDP Sponsors Institute for Police-Youth Engagement

On November 15–17, 2016, OJJDP sponsored the first Institute for Police-Youth Engagement to explore best practices and innovative approaches for improving interactions between youth and law enforcement. The meeting, held in Louisville, KY, was led by the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) in partnership with the Coalition for Juvenile Justice.  Police chiefs from urban, suburban, tribal, and rural communities across the nation gathered for roundtable discussions on current agency practice and policy in response to young people, opportunities for improvement, and the development of action plans within individual agencies to improve police-youth engagement.  One national campaign highlighted during the event was the U.S. Department of Justice’s Changing Minds campaign, which was recently launched to raise awareness, teach skills, and inspire public action to address children’s exposure to violence and childhood trauma.  Read More

4. Technology

Jaw-Dropping Biometric Advancements for Law Enforcement Are Coming Sooner Than You Think

The practice of identification based on human physical variation has been studied since the 1700s, and technology has advanced exponentially since then.  The article highlights technological advancements in biometrics and how the technology may be used by law enforcement.  Read More

5. Cybersecurity

Ransomware as a Service Fuels Explosive Growth

The ease and minimal expense of launching a ransomware “career” means that just about anyone, including those with little or no information technology (IT) experience, can become a successful cybercriminal.  Potential distributors do not need much capital or coding experience to launch a campaign, and the cost of some ransomware packages is less than $100.  There is no single solution that will block all threats, but a layered, connected threat defense that protects endpoint, network, and cloud infrastructure will at least allow organizations to manage the ransomware threat.  Read More

Additional cyber-related resources are available on the Law Enforcement Cyber Center Web site.