No one is safe until everyone is safe. That’s the mantra behind efforts to secure an equitable distribution of COVID-19 vaccines across the world. But nobody is listening, or so it seems, given that continents like Africa have received a minuscule number of vaccinations compared with, for example, Europe. A big part of the problem, according to Erin Hannah, James Scott, Silke Trommer and Sophie Harman is that too much faith has been placed in multilateral solutions such as the COVAX scheme and suspending intellectual property rights through the World Trade Organisation. There now needs to be a shift towards policy tools that are available to individual states.

Clashes between nomadic pastoralists and crop farmers are common in many parts of West Africa. Often, the blame for friction is placed at the door of climate change and increasing competition for shrinking natural resources, including water. But there are other drivers too. As Dennis Penu argues, there is a need to look beyond the adverse impact of climate change and explore the strength of institutional frameworks in affected communities. He unpacks findings from Ghana.

Two previously published articles also explored factors behind the violence. Oludayo Tade looked at how politics, the introduction of anti-grazing laws and the use of livestock guards triggered new conflict between farmers and herders in Northern Nigeria. For their part, Janet Ogundairo and Feyisitan Ijimakinwa explained that while the problems had an overriding arc of insecurity, new challenges contributed to the latest violence. These included uneven access to infrastructural facilities and porous borders.

Ina Skosana

Health + Medicine Editor (Africa edition)

Paul Hennessy/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images

The global approach to vaccine equity is failing: additional steps that would help

Erin Hannah, Western University; James Scott, King's College London; Silke Trommer, University of Manchester; Sophie Harman, Queen Mary University of London

The fight for vaccine equity needs to stop looking to multilateral institutions for permission and instead focus on the policy tools that are already available to states.

Conflicts between nomadic livestock farmers and crop farmers are common in Ghana. Stefan Heunis/AFP via Getty Images

Mixture of rules makes it hard to manage pastoralist conflict in Ghana

Dennis Penu, International Institute of Social Studies

Institutional problems make it difficult to satisfy livestock and crop farmers' interests, already in contest over agricultural resources.

What’s triggered new conflict between farmers and herders in Nigeria

Oludayo Tade, University of Ibadan

Beyond the struggle for land and water, new triggers of conflict between farmers and herders have emerged in northern Nigeria.

Insights from Fulani pastoralists and host communities in southwestern Nigeria

Janet Ogundairo, University of Ibadan; Feyisitan Ijimakinwa, University of Ibadan

Clashes between farmers and herders in Nigeria have their roots in history and an overriding arc of insecurity, but new challenges are contributing to the problem.


Why converging newsroom cultures can make media houses more sustainable

Wambui Wamunyu, Daystar University

Media houses with digital and traditional newsrooms need to create collaborative environments to address the tensions that often emerge between the old and the new.

South Africa’s efforts to tackle joblessness can be more effective: here’s how

Lauren Graham, University of Johannesburg; Ariane De Lannoy, University of Cape Town; Leila Patel, University of Johannesburg

Relying solely on job placement as an indicator of successful intervention misses out on outcomes that are equally important, or more so, amid high structural unemployment.

From our international editions

The discovery of the lost city of ‘the Dazzling Aten’ will offer vital clues about domestic and urban life in Ancient Egypt

Anna M. Kotarba-Morley, Flinders University

We sometimes call Egypt the 'civilisation without cities'. The Lost Golden City of Amenhotep III will bring new understanding of Ancient Egyptian urban life.

As India’s COVID crisis worsens, leaders play the blame game while the poor suffer once again

Sujeet Kumar, Jawaharlal Nehru University

Prime Minister Narendra Modi needs to show decisive leadership in not only controlling the surge of the virus, but also providing financial assistance to millions of urban poor.

Why Ramadan is called Ramadan: 6 questions answered

Mohammad Hassan Khalil, Michigan State University

Muslims observe a month-long fast for the holy month of Ramadan. A scholar explains the religious observance and its spiritual significance.

Plants thrive in a complex world by communicating, sharing resources and transforming their environments

Beronda L. Montgomery, Michigan State University

We may think of plants as passive life forms, but they can cooperate, share resources, send one another warnings, and distance themselves from their communities when survival depends on it.

En Français

« White Cube » : une utopie postcoloniale ?

Aymar Nyenyezi Bisoka, Université de Mons

Le documentaire de l’artiste néerlandais Renzo Martins génère d’importants débats aujourd’hui aussi bien en République démocratique du Congo qu’en Europe. Analyse des enjeux d’un film qui fera date.

Être musulman·e·s en France : une identité qui n’est pas que religieuse

Marie-Claire Willems, Université Paris Nanterre – Université Paris Lumières

Qu’est-ce qu’être musulman·e·s en France ? D’un point de vue sociologique, il existe différents types de catégorisation de soi qui ne se limitent pas à la seule appartenance religieuse.


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