Emmanuel Macron has been elected to a second term as President of France, leaving his far-right challenger Marine Le Pen more than 15 points behind. His victory came as a relief, particularly to France’s EU and Nato allies in the midst of the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

In his victory speech, Macron nevertheless acknowledged that France was deeply divided and that some of the electorate voted more to reject the far right than to support his programme. Abstention was very high (28%) showing the defiance of a large portion of the French people towards their political representatives. Polls showed that Macron had failed to address inequality and social issues with growing divides between French cities and suburban and rural areas.

Macron has now to face legislative elections in June, with a prospect of having a very divided National Assembly. Mathias Bernard analysis the outcome of the poll, and looks at what lies ahead for France.

Fabrice Rousselot

Directeur de la rédaction

Emmanuel Macron on his arrival at the Champ de Mars in Paris. Thomas Coex/AFP

French president Emmanuel Macron wins re-election: a victory with deep challenges

Mathias Bernard, Université Clermont Auvergne (UCA)

Emmanuel Macron’s success validates a strategy aimed at making him appear as the champion of the “progressives”, but it has only partially worked.

Protecting biodiversity – and making it accessible – has paid off for Costa Rica

Alejandra Echeverri Ochoa, Stanford University; Jeffrey R. Smith, Princeton University

Tourism revenues account for almost 10% of Costa Rica’s gross domestic product. New research shows that charismatic wildlife is necessary but not sufficient to attract ecotourists.

How the UK’s plan to send asylum seekers to Rwanda is 21st-century imperialism writ large

Parvati Nair, Queen Mary University of London

Richer nations are increasingly looking to offshore their immigration processing and further their own economic and political interests at the same time.