Michigan State sociologist stef shuster has spent years interviewing doctors on the front lines of trans medicine. They discovered that because doctors lack clear guidelines and don’t know the long-term effects of certain treatments, physicians often find themselves grappling with profound uncertainty. Aware that doing nothing can have very real negative effects on trans patients, doctors are often left relying on their gut – which, suffice to say, isn’t an ideal approach.

This week we also liked articles about Palestinian citizens of Israel, the importance of ignoring some of the information you encounter and the legacy of an iconic fashion designer.

Nick Lehr

Arts + Culture Editor

Randomized controlled trials of therapeutic interventions have yet to be conducted. Bet_Noire/Getty Images

Doctors treating trans youth grapple with uncertainty, lack of training

stef m. shuster, Michigan State University

Because little scientific evidence exists for trans medical treatments, doctors are often wary when working with trans people, even if they realize it's in the patients' best interests to do so.

Halston with the Halstonettes – a group of models who were part of his entourage – at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City in 1980. Ron Galella/Ron Galella Collection via Getty Images

Halston: The glittering rise – and spectacular fall – of a fashion icon

Jennifer Gordon, Iowa State University; Sara Marcketti, Iowa State University

The subject of a new Netflix miniseries, Halston once ruled over New York's fashion world. But the designer with a devil-may-care approach to his business dealings attempted too much, too quickly.


Protests by Palestinian citizens in Israel signal growing sense of a common struggle

Maha Nassar, University of Arizona

Attempts to integrate Palestinian citizens of Israel into the Israeli state have failed. What is emerging is growing solidarity with those living in occupied territories, argues a scholar of the region.