Massive spikes in COVID-19 infections in countries like India and Kenya have exposed desperate shortages in the supply of oxygen for patients. Trevor Duke explains what lies behind the shortages and provides insights into what countries with limited resources can do to secure better supplies. He argues that governments and health services should invest in bedside oxygen concentrators and generators to supply whole hospital or district needs. And global agencies should support this in a way similar to the scaling up of vaccines through global partnerships like COVAX.

In the fourth quarter of 2020, Nigeria’s unemployment statistics stood at 33.3%. This means that about 23.2 million people who should have had jobs were out of work. Helping us make sense of this statistic, Ndubisi Nwokoma, a professor of economics, unpacks how inconsistent policies and the poor state of the economy since 2015, compounded by COVID-19 lockdowns and growing insecurity, resulted in job losses and a reduced capacity to create new ones.

Botswana has made the controversial decision to lift a five-year ban on hunting elephants. Supporters of the decision refer to elephant overpopulation, human-wildlife conflict and the need for tourism income. Others dispute these as valid reasons for hunting, and point to its negative consequences for conservation and people. In today’s episode of our podcast, Pasha, Ross Harvey and Peet van der Merwe debate this emotive issue.

Moina Spooner

Commissioning Editor: East and Francophone Africa

Police personnel escort a truck carrying medical liquid oxygen to the Guru Nanak Dev hospital in Amritsar, India, on April 24, 2021. Photo by NARINDER NANU/AFP via Getty Images

What steps must be taken to secure oxygen – for COVID-19 patients and into the future

Trevor Duke, The University of Melbourne

For now, governments and health services should invest in bedside oxygen concentrators and oxygen generators to supply whole hospital needs.

A third of Nigerians are unemployed: here’s why

Ndubisi Nwokoma, University of Lagos

Nigeria's economy is in bad shape. This has affected its ability to create jobs.

Pasha 105: Two academics weigh in on Botswana allowing elephant hunting

Ozayr Patel, The Conversation

Is Botswana allowing the hunting of elephants a good or a bad thing? Two academics weigh in.


Ramaphosa has chosen a path of patience and limiting risks. But is it working?

Dirk Kotze, University of South Africa

Unlike most politicians but typical of a negotiator, South Africa's president has not put his plans on the table for public scrutiny.

Risks and rewards for South African president as he takes the stand at corruption inquiry

Richard Calland, University of Cape Town

Ramaphosa will be eager to communicate his position that no one should be above scrutiny and that all parts of society,should be examined by the Commission.

Business + Economy

From our international editions

Why variants are most likely to blame for India’s COVID surge

Rajib Dasgupta, Jawaharlal Nehru University

The emergence of an Indian "double mutant" strain of the coronavirus may explain the country's tragically soaring infection rates. Genomic testing and monitoring will be crucial in the weeks ahead.

How a professor learned to bring compassion to engineering and design

Tahira Reid, Purdue University

A mechanical engineer brings her personal experiences to address human-centered problems and encourage 'compassionate design.'


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