On Friday, the UN’s International Court of Justice found that Israel must take action to prevent genocidal violence by its armed forces in Gaza and “prevent and punish” any incitement to genocide.

Today in The Conversation Canada, Heidi Matthews of Osgoode Hall Law School, Faisal A. Bhabha of York University and Mohammad Fadel of the University of Toronto explain what the decision means for Canada given its stated position that it disagrees with the premise of the case brought to the ICJ by South Africa.

Countries like Canada that are parties to the Genocide Convention have an obligation to prevent and a corresponding duty to act “the instant that the state learns of, or should normally have learned of, the existence of a serious risk that genocide will be committed.”

If Canada fails to uphold this responsibility, they write, it could amount to complicity in genocide.

Also today:

All the best,

Lee-Anne Goodman

Politics Editor

Pro-Palestinian activists wave flags during a session of the International Court of Justice in The Hague, Netherlands on Jan. 26 (AP Photo/Patrick Post)

Ruling by UN’s top court means Canada could be complicit in genocide in Gaza

Heidi Matthews, York University, Canada; Faisal A. Bhabha, York University, Canada; Mohammad Fadel, University of Toronto

The recent ruling by the International Court of Justice means Canada could be guilty of supporting genocide in Gaza by cutting aid funding and continuing military exports to Israel.

While there are many benefits to sports participation, overstating those benefits can obscure systemic issues. (Shutterstock)

Sport and physical activity alone can’t tackle health inequities in Indigenous communities

Taylor McKee, Brock University; Janice Forsyth, University of British Columbia

In both mainstream and Indigenous communities across Canada, sport is neither inherently good nor bad. Rather, it is a tool that must be used responsibly.

One of two digitally drawn murals that are part of the installation and exhibit ‘who claims abstraction?’ by Toronto-based Guatemalan artist Francisco-Fernando Granados. (Rachel Topham Photography)

How art can challenge election-time rhetoric about immigrants

Lois Klassen, Simon Fraser University

2024 is expected to be a year of elections around the world, and as often happens, anti-immigrant rhetoric is on the rise. Art can play a critical role in challenging that rhetoric.

Deepfakes pose a profound social threat, and education along with technology and legislation matters for containing and addressing this. (Shutterstock)

Deepfakes: How to empower youth to fight the threat of misinformation and disinformation

Nadia Naffi, Université Laval

Youth in a study went from being passive deepfake bystanders to developing a sense of responsibility and readiness to help prevent deepfakes’ spread.

Like natural hormones, known as endogenous hormones, the artificial hormones contained in the pill, known as exogenous hormones, can have effects on the brain. (Shutterstock)

The contraceptive pill also affects the brain and the regulation of emotions

Alexandra Brouillard, Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM); Marie-France Marin, Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM)

Oral contraceptives modify the menstrual cycle. What’s less well known is that they also reach the brain, particularly the regions important for regulating emotions.

La Conversation Canada

Les poulets sont des communicateurs hors pair. (Shutterstock)

L’IA apprend à analyser les communications des poulets pour nous aider à comprendre leurs gloussements

Suresh Neethirajan, Dalhousie University

L’intelligence artificielle peut traiter un grand nombre de vocalisations de poulets et identifier des schémas dans les communications entre volatiles.

Environment + Energy


Science + Tech