Every year, around 10,000 people will be diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in the UK. For the vast majority of those people, the diagnosis will come too late – the disease will already be too far advanced to be operated on. And surgery is the only cure.

Spotting the early warning signs of this deadly but silent cancer could help many more people survive. Fortunately, this has been the recent work of Agnieszka Lemanska and colleagues. They discovered that people with pancreatic cancer experienced dramatic weight loss two years before their diagnosis. And blood glucose levels were raised even earlier – up to three years before the diagnosis. Hopefully, these, along with other signs and symptoms, will alert doctors to a possible early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer and save more lives.

A job in the police used to be a job for life. Not anymore. But with so few officers being offered exit interviews, the reasons for the spike in resignations are hard to fathom. Here’s what one research team found. And the Horn of Africa is experiencing drought, yet groundwater supplies are increasing. Three experts on hydrology explain why.

Clint Witchalls

Health + Medicine Editor (UK edition)

Magic mine/Shutterstock

Pancreatic cancer could be diagnosed up to three years earlier – new study

Agnieszka Lemanska, University of Surrey

Large new study identifies very early risk factors for pancreatic cancer.

Brian A Jackson / Shutterstock

Police officer resignations have risen by 72% in the last year – we asked former officers why

Jemma Tyson, University of Portsmouth; Sarah Charman, University of Portsmouth

UK police forces have a leadership problem.

Harvepino / shutterstock

The Horn of Africa has had years of drought, yet groundwater supplies are increasing – why?

Michael Singer, Cardiff University; Katerina Michaelides, University of Bristol; Markus Adloff, Université de Berne

High intensity rain has actually increased, which is topping up underground water stores.

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