It has been 10 years since Côte d’Ivoire, with the help of the United Nations, commenced a process of building peace after a nine-year war. The process involves a disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration exercise as well as a transitional justice programme. Although the country has not returned to war, elections in 2018 and 2020 were marred by violence and many Ivorians say more needs to be done to unite the country. Jessica Moody explains why many are dissatisfied with both types of post-conflict programme.

Mindfulness, an ancient meditation technique practised by Buddhists, is proving its worth in the workplace, despite some concerns that its true meaning could be lost in translation. Linda Kantor, Kurt April and Warren Nilsson studied an array of professionals who’d attended some form of training in mindfulness leadership, and found that it helped them manage conflict. They made changes that were likely to affect employees’ motivation, workplace engagement, and performance at work.

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Wale Fatade

Commissioning Editor: Nigeria

Social reintegration and personal reconciliation should be paramount in post-conflict Cote d'Ivoire Issouf Sanogo/AFP via Getty Images

Peacebuilding in Côte d’Ivoire: why it’s hard to reintegrate combatants and achieve justice

Jessica Moody, King's College London

Based on the Cote d'Ivoire experience, the United Nations must reconsider its emphasis on coordinating reintegration and transitional justice irrespective of the post-war context.

Carving out time every day for mindfulness exercises has been shown to be beneficial. Shutterstock

Making space for Buddha in the boardroom

Dr Linda Kantor, University of Cape Town; Kurt April, University of Cape Town; Warren Nilsson, University of Cape Town

The founding principles of the Buddhist meditation technique known as mindfulness can help business leaders build stronger relationships in the workplace.

Arts, Culture + Society

The #JerusalemaDanceChallenge showed how Pan African styles can be forged

Francesca Negro, Universidade de Lisboa

A year later, it's clear that the dance promotes a conscious concept of Africanity – sowing feelings of tolerance and contentment that have conquered international audiences.

A return to the archives sheds light on German spies in South Africa during WWII

Evert Kleynhans, Stellenbosch University

Following the war, the South African authorities were anxious to charge known war criminals, traitors and collaborators. But nothing came of it.

Health + Medicine

It’s possible to build stronger systems to deliver oxygen: here’s what it takes

Hamish Graham, Royal Children's Hospital; Adegoke Falade, University of Ibadan

An effective oxygen system requires prompt recognition of who needs oxygen, a reliable oxygen supply and safe delivery to those who need it.

Hearing loss is a neglected hazard for miners in South Africa

Nomfundo Moroe, University of the Witwatersrand

Noise-induced hearing loss is an occupational health hazard. It remains a prevalent condition in the South African mining industry.

Environment + Energy

Climate change risk is complex: here is a way to assess it

Nicholas P. Simpson, University of Cape Town; Christopher Trisos, University of Cape Town

A holistic view of climate change risk considers climate hazards, exposure, vulnerability and the responses to these. It also takes into account how multiple risks interact.

Early humans used fire to permanently change the landscape tens of thousands of years ago in Stone Age Africa

Jessica Thompson, Yale University; David K. Wright, University of Oslo; Sarah Ivory, Penn State

Combining evidence from archaeology, geochronology and paleoenvironmental science, researchers identified how ancient humans by Lake Malawi were the first to substantially modify their environment.

From our international editions

Four ways to make sure your passwords are safe and easy to remember

Steven Furnell, University of Nottingham

Passwords have been around for decades and we’re still getting it wrong.

Adults are more generous in the presence of children – new research

Lukas J. Wolf, University of Bath; Geoff Haddock, Cardiff University; Gregory Maio, University of Bath

The findings suggest adults feel more prosocial with children around – even if they don't have any themselves.

What the US can learn from Africa about slavery reparations

Kwasi Konadu, Colgate University

As the US debates reparations for descendants of slavery, cases in Africa help illustrate the limits of programs focused solely in financial restitution.

Climate change: how bad could the future be if we do nothing?

Mark Maslin, UCL

A future of heat and strife or humanity’s finest hour – our response to climate change today will define the 21st century.


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